The Crimson Castle
Alhambra in Arabic translates as the Crimson Castle or the red fortress. Badis ben Habus, the Berber ruler built the castle in the 10th century on top of the hill overlooking what now is the city of Granada in the South of Spain. The castle originally was the capitol city of a series of fortresses to protect the last Muslim state in the Iberian Peninsula. For several centuries it lay abandoned and was only ‘rediscovered’ in the 19th century by European travelers and scholars. The castle is a beautiful mix of both Arabic and Spanish architecture and design.